Plant diversity in the vineyard can help controlling grapevine pests
BIOVINE will develop natural solutions based on plant diversity to control pests (harmful organisms, including arthropods, nematodes, oomycetes and fungi), reduce pesticide dependence, increase plant health and services provided from the ecosystems to humans.
BIOVINE will exploit plant diversity in the vineyard to control pests in order to provide farmers with alternative solutions to pesticides. Solutions proposed will be tested in Italy, France, Romania, Spain, Slovenia and Switzerland.
The capability of plants for increasing the ecosystem resistance to pests and invasive species is a well-known ecosystem service. However, monocultures (including vineyards) do not exploit the potential of plant diversity and still rely on large external inputs to control harmful organisms. Plant diversity can also positively affect arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, which can consequently improve plant health and soil conditions.
Soil and plant biodiversity provides numerous essential ecosystem services, including natural control of pests, release of nutrients in forms that can be used by plants and other organisms, purification of water by removing contaminants and pathogens, contribution to the composition of the atmosphere by participating in the carbon cycle, and providing a major source of genetic and chemical resources. BIOVINE results will contribute to improve environmental conservation. The impact of the new designed viticultural systems on ecosystem services, including carbon sequestration, water purification, soil erosion reduction, landscape, organic matter and soil health, will be evaluated. BIOVINE can also have a positive impact on human health (because of less pesticide residues and mycotoxins in wine), and cultural development in the vine and wine sector.
Vittorio Rossi, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy,
Leaflets will be translated into different languages, articles will be written for professional magazines and journals and workshops with stakeholders and end-users will be arranged.
Biovine was presented as a poster at the International Congress on Grapevine and Wine