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News and arrangements

26th February 2021

SESS letter published in Science
        

Holistic environmental risk assessment for bees 

Christopher John Topping, Mark Brown, Jordan Chetcuti, Joachim R. de Miranda, Francesco Nazzi, Peter Neumann, Robert J. Paxton, Maj Rundlöf, Jane C. Stout

 

Find the letter here: doi.org/10.1126/science.abg9622

SESS centre authors

Christopher J. Topping
Department of Bioscience,
Biodiversity and Conservation,
  

Aarhus University, DK


Jordan Chetcuti
Department of Botany,
School of Natural Sciences,
Trinity College Dublin, IR


Jane C. Stout
Department of Botany,
School of Natural Sciences,
Trinity College Dublin, IR


11th February 2021

SESS article published in Science of the Total Environment 
        

Supporting non-target arthropods in agroecosystems: Modelling effects of insecticides and landscape structure on carabids in agricultural landscapes

Elżbieta Ziółkowska, Christopher J. Topping, Agnieszka J. Bednarska, Ryszard Laskowski

 
Abstract

Intensification of agricultural practices is one of the most important drivers of the dramatic decline of arthropod species. We do not know, however, the relative contribution to decline of different anthropogenic stressors that are part of this process. We used high-resolution dynamic landscape models and advanced spatially-explicit population modelling to estimate the relative importance of insecticide use and landscape structure for population dynamics of a widespread carabid beetle Bembidion lampros. The effects of in-crop mitigation measures through the application of insecticides with reduced lethality, and off-crop mitigation measures by increasing abundance of grassy field margins, were evaluated for the beetle along the gradient of landscape heterogeneity. Reducing the insecticide-driven lethality (from 90 to 10%) had larger positive impacts on beetle density and occupancy than increasing the abundance of field margins in a landscape. The effects of increasing field margins depended on their width and overall abundance in the landscape, but only field margins 4 m wide, applied to at least 40% of fields, resulted in an increase in beetle population density comparable to the scenario with the smallest reduction of insecticide-driven lethality we considered. Our findings suggest the importance of field margins rather as a supporting not stand-alone mitigation measure, as they generally improved effects of reduction of insecticide-driven lethality. Therefore, adding sufficiently broad off-field habitats should help to maintain viable beetle populations in agricultural landscapes even with moderate use of insecticides. In general, the less persistent the insecticides are in the environment, the larger positive impacts of applied mitigation measures on beetle populations were found. We also showed that the effectiveness of applied mitigation measures strongly depends on landscape and farmland heterogeneity. Thus, to achieve the same management or mitigation target in different landscapes might require different strategies.

Find the article here: doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.145746

SESS centre authors

Elżbieta Ziółkowska
Institute of Environmental Sciences,
Jagelloinan University, PL


Christopher J. Topping
Department of Bioscience,
Biodiversity and Conservation,

Aarhus University, DK


Agnieszka J. Bednarska
Institute of Nature Conservation,
Polish Academy of Science, PL


Ryszard Laskowski
Institute of Environmental Sciences,
Jagelloinan University, PL


10th December 2020

SESS centre launch
       

The centre was launched using an open zoom meeting.

Below is a link to a YouTube video of the launch meeting.

Thank you to all who attended and best wishes for all our future collaborations.

/Chris

Visninger