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March 2023




To facilitate a fair bioeconomy transition, stronger regional level linkages are needed

Andersen M.S., Christensen L.D., Donner-Amnell J., Eikeland P.O., Hedeler B, Hildingsson R., Johansson B., Khan J., Kronsell A., Inderberg T., Nielsen H.Ø., Pizzol M., Sairinen R., Skjærseth J.B., Söderholm P., Teräväinen T., Thomsen M.

Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining

DOI: 10.1002/bbb.2363

Policy mixes and policy feedback: Implications for green industrial growth in the Swedish biofuels industry Hedeler B, Hellsmark H, Söderholm P

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,


Biofuelling the energy transition in Nordic countries: explaining overachievement of EU renewable transport obligations Skjærseth J, Eikeland P, Inderberg T

International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics,


Taxation and The Green Growth Challenge

Comelli A., Milne J.E., Andersen M.S., Ashiabor H.(Eds.)

Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing


Strategies for greening the economy in three Nordic countries

Olsson, A., Hildingsson, R. and Khan, J.

Environmental Policy and Governance 31(6) 592-604

DOI: 10.1002/eet.1967

The green economy and the Nordic welfare state: Reconceptualizing green economy narratives from a Nordic perspective

Olsson, A., Khan, J., and Hildingsson, R.

Report no. 113, Environmental and Energy Systems Studies, Department of Technology and Society, Lund University.


Technological development for sustainability: The role of network management in the innovation policy mix

Söderholm, P., H. Hellsmark, J. Frishammar, J. Hansson, J. Mossberg, and A. Sandström

Technological Forecasting and Social Change 138, 309-323.

DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2018.10.010

The green economy transition: The challenges of technological change for sustainability  

Söderholm, P.

Sustainable Earth

DOI: 10.1186/s42055-020-00029-y

The transition to chlorine free pulp revisited: Nordic heterogeneity in environmental regulation and R&D collaboration

Söderholm, K., Bergquist, A-K., and Söderholm, P.

Journal of Cleaner Production

DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.07.190

Challenges of sustainable industrial transformation: Swedish biorefinery development and incumbents in the emerging biofuels industry

Mossberg, J., Söderholm, P., and Frishammar, J.

Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining 15(10) 1264-1280

DOI: 10.1002/bbb.2249

Green tech for green growth? Insights from Nordic environmental innovation

Pizzol, M. & Andersen, M.S.

In Prokop, V., Horbach, J., Stejskal, J. and Gerstlberger, W.(eds), Circular Economy Oriented Business Model Innovations: A European Perspective, Munich: Springer (in press)

Governance, green finance and global climate advocacy of the Nordic countries: Small state syndrome or novel middle power?

Andersen, M.S.

In: Climate governance across the globe : pioneers, leaders and followers, Wurzel et al (eds), pp. 200-216, Routledge

DOI: 10.4324/9781003014249

Hinterlands and heartlands in the green transition: Regional perspectives on novel biomass exploitation

Christensen, L.D.

Thesis presented for the degree of PhD in policy analysis at Dept. of Environmental Science, Aarhus University (196 pp.)


Seaweed cultivation in the Faroe Islands: Analyzing the potential for forward and fiscal linkages  

Christensen, L.D.

Marine Policy 119

DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104015

A Bayesian game of resource exploitation in hinterland regions:

Modelling scenarios for sustainable development in the Nordic countries

Christensen, L.D.

Environment, Development and Sustainability

DOI: 10.1007/s10668-021-02052-1

Policy coherence in the Nordic bioeconomy – a novel set-theoretic approach to studying relations among policy goals

Christensen, L.D.

Environmental Policy and Governance

DOI: 10.1002/eet.1978

Dealing with excess: moving beyond redeem, replace and reduce

Christensen, L.D. and Averbuch, B.

International Journal of Food Design

DOI: 10.1386/ijfd_00012_3

When Bioeconomy Policy Objectives (Fail To) Overlap: Rethinking the analysis of necessity to detect causal interdependencies among sustainable development goals in the Nordic bioeconomy strategy

Christensen, L.D.

Comparative Methods for Systematic Cross-Case Analysis, working paper


The politics of low carbon innovation: The EU Strategic Energy Technology Plan

Eikeland, P.O. and J.B. Skjærseth


DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-17913-7

Demonstrating climate mitigation technologies: An early assessment of the NER 300 program

Åhman, M., Skjærseth, J.B. and Eikeland, P.O.

Energy Policy 117, 100-107

DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2018.02.032

The good, the bad and the ugly? Corporate strategies, size and environmental regulations in the fish farming industry

Vormedal, I and J.B. Skjærseth

Business and Politics,

DOI: 10.1017/bap.2019.30

The Politics of low-carbon innovation: Implementing the European Union’s Strategic Energy Technology Plan

Skjærseth, J.B. and P.O. Eikeland

Energy Research & Social Science 76:102043

DOI: 10.1016/j.erss.2021.102043

Governing low-carbon innovation:

From Strategic Energy Technology Plan to European Green Deal

Skjærseth, J.B. and P.O. Eikeland

In Rayner, T. K. Szulecki, A. Jordan, and S. Oberthür (eds), Handbook on European Union Climate Change Policy and Politics. Cheltenham, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar (Accepted)


Gender, intersectionality and climate institutions in industrialized states

Magnusdottír, G. L. and Kronsell, A., (eds.)

Routledge Earthscan

DOI: 10.4324/9781003052821

Economic Instruments for a Low-carbon Future

T. Zachariadis, J.E. Milne, M.S. Andersen and H. Ashiabor (eds.)

Edward Elgar publishing

DOI: 10.4337/9781839109911

Climate Governance across the Globe: Pioneers, Leaders and Followers.

Wurzel, R., Andersen, M.S. and Tobin, P.


DOI: 10.4324/9781003014249

Solving the multi-functionality dilemma in bio-refineries

Djomo, SN; Knudsen, MT; Parajuli, R; Andersen, MS; Ambye-Jensen, M; Jungmeier, G; Gabrielle, B; Hermansen, JE.

Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 9(11) 1674-1686.

DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12461

A review of waste management decision support tools and their ability to assess circular biowaste management systems

Vea, E.B., Martinez-Sanchez, M., Thomsen, M.

Sustainability 2018, 10(10), 3720;

DOI: 10.3390/su10103720

Oil and power industries‘ responses to EU emissions trading: Laggards or low-carbon leaders?

Eikeland, P.O. and Skjærseth, J.B.

Environmental Politics, 28(1) 104-124

DOI: 10.1080/09644016.2019.1521961

The green state and industrial decarbonisation

Hildingsson, R., A. Kronsell and J. Khan

Environmental Politics, 28(5) 909-928

DOI: 10.1080/09644016.2018.1488484

Visions of energy futures

Teräväinen, T.

Nature Energy 3: 923–924.

DOI: 10.1038/s41560-018-0248-3

Actor relations in climate policymaking: Governing decarbonisation in a corporatist green state.

Kronsell, A., Khan, J, and Hildingsson, R.

Environmental Policy and Governance, 29(6) 399–408.

DOI: 10.1002/eet.1867

The politics of carbon taxation: how varieties of policy style matter (in special issue on Climate politics in small European states)

Andersen, M.S.

Environmental Politics 28 (6), 1084-1104

DOI: 10.1080/09644016.2019.1625134

Creative and disruptive elements in the Norway´s climate policy mix: The small-state perspective (in special issue on Climate politics in small European states)

Cetkovic, S. and J.B. Skjærseth

Environmental Politics 28 (6)

DOI: 10.1080/09644016.2019.1625145

Studying industrial decarbonisation: Developing an interdisciplinary understanding of the conditions for transformation in energy-intensive natural resource-based industry.

Svensson, O., Khan, J. and Hildingsson, R.

Sustainability, 12(5): 2129.

DOI: 10.3390/su12052129

Intersectionality and climate policy making: The inclusion of social difference by three Swedish government agencies

Singleton, B., Rask, N., Magnusdottír, G., and Kronsell, A.

Environmental and Planning C: Politics and Space 40(1) 180-200

DOI: 10.1177%2F23996544211005778

Towards a European Green Deal: The evolution of EU climate and energy policy mixes

Skjærseth, J.B.

International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics 21(1) 25-41

DOI: 10.1007/s10784-021-09529-4

The Paris Agreement and key actors’ domestic climate policy mixes: comparative patterns

Skjærseth, J.B., Andresen, S., Bang G. and Heggelund, G.

International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics 21(1) 59-73

DOI: 10.1007/s10784-021-09531-w

The political economy of industrial pollution control: Environmental regulation in Swedish industry for five decades

Söderholm, P., Bergquist A., Pettersson, M. and Söderholm, K.

Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 65(6) 1056-1087

DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2021.1920375

Biogas at the intersection of water and energy governance: (Potentially) conflicting interests and consistent policy framework?

Nielsen, H.Ø. and Pedersen, A.B.

Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning

DOI: 10.1080/1523908X.2021.2009333

Norway’s low carbon strategy: Internal and external drivers

Skjærseth, J.B. and Jevnaker, T.

In Hübner (ed.) National Pathways to Low Carbon-Emission Economies. London: Routledge, 2018.

DOI: 10.4324/9780429458118

Naturasta biotalouteeen: Suomen eurooppalaisen ympäristöpolitiikan tekijänä [From Natura to Bioeconomy: Finland making EU environmental policy].

Sairinen, R. & Teräväinen, T.

In: Raunio, T. & Saari, J. (eds.). Reunalla vai ytimessä? Suomen EU-politiikan muutos ja jatkuvuus, pp.124-148, Helsinki: Gaudeamus, Ministry of foreign Affairs, 2017. julkaisut.um.fi/en/products/reunalla-vai-ytimessa-suomen-eu-politiikan-muutos-ja-jatkuvuus

Environmental policy and the economic crisis: The Swedish and Danish cases

Skovgaard, J., R. Hildingsson and B. Johansson

In: C. Burns, P. Tobin and S. Sewerin (eds.), The Impact of the Economic Crisis on European Environmental Policy, Oxford University Press. 2018.

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198826958.001.0001

Environmental economic assessment of novel circular economy and bio-economy technologies

Andersen, M.S. & Martinsen, L.

In: Finnveden, G., Lazarevic, D. and Brandao, M. (eds.), Handbook of the Circular Economy, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar

DOI: 10.4337/9781788972727.00019

Bio-waste valorisation in a future circular bio-economy

Vea, EB; Romeo, D.; Thomsen, M.

Procedia CIRP 69, 591-596

DOI: 10.1016/j.procir.2017.11.062

Intervjustudie om förutsättningar för nollutsläpp i den svenska basindustrin

Hildingsson, R., A. Kronsell och J. Khan

Report no. 106, Environmental and Energy System Studies, Faculty of Engineering, Lund University, 2017

Stimuli to decarbonization – opportunities for emissions reductions in Italy

Andersen, M.S.

In: Energy that transforms – opportunities and challenges of decarbonization process, in: B. Dendena and M. Trentin (eds.), pp. 199-213, Milan: Feltrinelli Foundation.


NB: Copies of non-open access publications can be requested from authors via Researchgate.net.

Previous publications of NOWAGG WP-leaders of relevance to the project

Andersen MS, Enevoldsen MK and Ryelund AV, 2006. Decoupling of CO2-emissions from energy intensive industries. TemaNord 528. Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers. (condensed in Energy Economics 29:4; 665-692).

Andersen MS, 2007. An introductory note on the environmental economics of the circular economy, Sustainability Science, 2:1;133-140.

Andersen MS and Ekins P (eds) 2009. Carbon-energy taxation: lessons from Europe. Oxford University Press.

Andersen MS, 2014. Grøn vækst – et nyt spor mellem misvækst og nulvækst, Samfundsøkonomen 1:29-34.

Bäckstrand K and Kronsell A (eds.), 2015. Rethinking the Green State: Environmental governance towards climate and sustainability transitions. Earthscan/Routledge, London and New York.

Hellsmark H, Frishammar J, Söderholm P and Ylinenpää H, 2016. The role of pilot and demonstration plants in technology development and innovation policy. Research Policy.

Kronsell A, 2013. Gender and Transition in Climate Governance, Environmental Innovations and Societal Transitions, 7:1-15.

Kronsell A, 2017. The contribution of feminist perspectives to climate governance, in Buckingham and Le Masson (eds) Understanding Climate Change through Gender Relations, London: Routledge.

Skjærseth et. al, 2016. Linking EU climate and energy policies: Decision-making, implementation and reform. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Find the project and the authors at Researchgate to request your personal copy