Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl


Agricultural systems in Europe face challenges in terms of economic, ecological and societal performance. Faced with climate change and increasing weather extremes, there is a need to strengthen the resilience of European agricultural production systems and at the same time ensure efficiency of production in terms of the use of resources such as water, nutrients, land and ecosystem services – thus creating balance and synergy between efficiency and resilience. It is hypothesised that more mixed farming and agroforestry systems (MiFAS) have increased resilience and climate adaptation potential, with a more integral coupling of nutrients and carbon cycles, a diversified ecosystems service delivery and a better 3-dimentional utilization of resources, which could be part of the solution and therefore should be explored. Adopting a holistic perspective, we define efficiency as the ability to simultaneously increase production, decrease input use, and reduce negative environmental and social impacts, including greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. We thereby also consider the impact of shocks and stresses in order to assess robustness of systems including capacities to adapt and transform. We define resilience of farming systems as their ability to ensure the provision of system functions in the face of increasingly complex and accumulating economic, social, environmental and institutional shocks and stresses, through capacities of robustness, adaptability and transformability. MIXED recognises that efficiency and resilience must be developed with farmers and in the contexts in which farms, farmers’ organizations, service suppliers and value chain actors operate.

The overall project objective is to
Support the development of European Mixed Farming and Agroforestry Systems that optimize efficiency and resource use, reduce GHG emissions, and show greater resilience to climate change by considering agronomic, technical, environmental, economic, institutional, infrastructure and social advantages and constraints.